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Uruguayan Medical Journal

ISSN: 1688-0390

Vol.15 - Nº 3 - Dic. 1999

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Blood transfusion history. Its beginnings in Uruguay

Rev Med Urug 1999; 15: 165-182
Full text (spanish) |  Full text (spanish) (New windows, pdf) | Abstract


Pope Innocence III probably received a blood transfusion 500 years ago.

Richard Lower performed in 1666 the first transfusion from animal to animal; one year later did it from animal to human and James Blundell in 1818 carried out the first human homologous transfusion.

In Uruguay, 1876, Florencio Ortega, a trained physician, altogether with colleagues Dr. Pedro Visca and Dr.

Diego Pérez, transfused 70 ml. The first Uruguayan blood transfusion ended in amputation.

Joseph Fort performed (1884) a public transfusion by means to Roussel?s technique. In 1900 Karl Landsteiner

described blood types; some time later George Crile his method widely known (donor?s artery to receiver?s vein).

In 1912, Uruguayans Dr. Albo and Dr. Iraola transfused patients according to Crile?s technique.

The first public transfusion took place in 1914. Luis Agote used sodium citrate as anticoagulant.

1919. The fírst published transfusion performed in other city than Montevideo took place in Melo (Cerro Largo) by Dr. Mauricio Langon, who was also the donor.

At Dr. Augusto Turenne?s Maternal Protection Service,

the first scientific transfusion series were performed from 1916 to 1918. Dr. Turenne is considered the very first Uruguayan haemotherapist. Dr. Julio César Esto1 is considered the very first Uruguayan haemotherapist. Dr. Julio César Estol is considered the most important Uruguayan academic haemotherapist.