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RMU

Uruguayan Medical Journal

ISSN: 1688-0390


Vol.16 - Nº 3 - Dic. 2000

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Dermatophytosis in a health public medical centre (Instituto de Higiene)

BALLESTÉ R; FERNÁNDEZ N; MOUSQUES N; XAVIER B; ARTETA Z; MERNES M; GEZUELE E
Rev Med Urug 2000; 16: 232-242
Full text (spanish) |  Full text (spanish) (New windows, pdf) | Abstract

Abstract

Skin injuries are frequently seen in medical practice, being dermatophytosis partially frequent among them. The study aimed to determine characteristics and dermatophytosis rates in mycosis consultancy of the Department of Parasithology, to distinguish dermatophytosis species and their respective clinical presentations.

Between 1990 and 1997, 3.141 were examined of whom 775 presented skin and skin-associated injuries, 367, superficial mycosis (47,3%) and 220 dermatophytosis (28,4% of skin and skin-associated injuries and 59,9% of superficial mycosis). Agent was identified and isolated in 155 samples using routinal procedures.

Incidence of dermatophytosis was higher in women (58,6%) and infants (0-10 years), most frequent locations at tinea corporis (46,4%) and tinea pedis (15,2%).

Isolated species rates were as follow: Microscoporum canis: 67 samples (43,2%); 42 tinea corporis and 18 microsporum tinea ectothrix of scalp; it was the primary agent for both tineas; children were the most affected and higher predominance was found in women. In 52,2% of patients, there had been dog or cat contact.

Trichophyton mentagrophytes: 37 samples (23,9%); predominant in females and adults (50-60 years), primary agent for tinea pedis.

Trichophyton rubrum: 35 samples (22,6%), predominant in males and adults (50-60 years), primary agent for tinea unguium along with T. mentagrophytes.

Epidermothyton floccosum: 9 samples (5,8%), predominant in females and younger adults, primary agent for tinea cruris along with T. rubrum.

Microsporum gypseum: 4 samples (2,6%) and Trichophyton verrucosum: 3 samples (1,9%).