Logotipo del SMU

RMU

Uruguayan Medical Journal

ISSN: 1688-0390


Vol.23 - Nº 3 - Set. 2007

Index | Next Art

Evitable Pediatric Mortality. A contribution to planning health care for children

RUBIO I; SANTORO A; ALBERTI M; PIZORNO E; FERNANDEZ A; GUTIÉRREZ C; MONTANO A; FERRARI AM; SILVA B; HACKEMBRUC HC
Rev Med Urug 2007; 23: 145-152
Full text (spanish) |  Full text (spanish) (New windows, pdf) | Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: we understand preventable deaths are those

caused by diseases or events that could have been pre-vented

by timely and appropriate medical interventions or

by public health measures. The classification of deaths

using preventable death criteria becomes a powerful tool

to guide health programs.

Objetive: to determine preventable deaths which oc-curred

at the Pereira Rossell Hospital in 2004, 2005 and

2006, to serve as a guide for the creation of measures to be

taken within the health cares plans for public sector users.

Methods: during 2004, 2005 and 2006 the Death Audit

Committee at the Pereira Rossell Public Hospital studied

all deaths and classified them according to the prevent-able

death criteria prepared by Erika taucher, which were

adapted to the health care guidelines in Uruguay. Deaths

were classified into preventable, non-preventable and

unknown.

Results: 279 children died at the Pereira Rossell Public

Hospital during the period studied. 56% (n=158) were found

to be preventable deaths. 96 children died of non- pre-ventable

deaths and 25 children died of unknown causes.

Most of the preventable deaths resulted from causes that

could have been avoided by diagnosis and early treat-ment

(n=78) and better hygiene, drainage and health edu-cation

(n=67).

Discussion: these figures evidence the failure in ap-plying

preventive measures and the need to reinforce the

different health care programs. The results obtained shall

contribute to planning future actions in the field.